Home » Articles » SPENCER, HERBERT 1820-1903




The original manuscripts of most of his works, including a draft of Social Statics. BL Add. MSS. 36883-36896, 43831.

148 letters of Spencer to various correspondents on personal and professional matters, 1849-1903. Knox College Library, Galesburg, Illinois.

Correspondence, 1844-1903, and biographical material on Spencer. Spencer papers, London UL, MS. 791.

Six letters to various correspondents, 1863-1891. American Philosophical Society Library, Philadelphia.

Six letters between Spencer and various correspondents, 1860­1879. Houghton Library, Harvard University.


CHARLES BABBAGE, seven letters, 1860-1864. BL Add. MSS. 37197-37201.

HENRY HOWE BEMROSE, four letters, 1897-1898. Derby Borough Library.

SIR JOSEPH EDGAR BOEHM, three letters, 1884. Darwin collection, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville.

EDWARD GEORGE EARLE LYTTON BULWER-LYTTON, Baron Lytton, three letters, 1859. Bulwer-Lytton papers, Hertfordshire RO

SIR PERCY BUNTING, 39 letters, 1882-1895. Bunting papers, University of Chicago Library.

ANDREW CARNEGIE, 44 letters, 1883-1903. Carnegie papers, Library of Congress.

JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, two letters, 1895. Chamberlain papers, Birmingham UL

JOHN CHAPMAN, 9 letters, 1851-1881. Darwin collection, University of Virginia Library, Charlottesville .

FRANCIS POWER COBBE, five letters, 1866-1875. Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

MONCURE DANIEL CONWAY, four letters, 1872-1900. Conway papers, Columbia UL, New York.

JOHN FISKE, 41 letters, 1864-1894. Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

WILLIAM EWART GLADSTONE, 17 items, 1873-1896. BL Add. MSS. 44441-44785.

FREDERIC HARRISON, 20 letters, 1885-1901. Harrison papers, BLPES

ROWLAND G. HAZARD, 13 letters, 1869-1886. Peacedale collection, Baker Library, Harvard University.

SIR JOHN FREDERICK WILLIAM HERSCHEL, 11 letters, 1859-1865. Herschel papers, Royal Society Library, London.

GEORGE JACOB HOLYOAKE, 24 letters, 18G0-1903. Holyoake collection, Co-operative Union Ltd, Manchester.

THOMAS HUXLEY, 83 letters, 1851-1900. Huxley papers, Imperial College, London.

MANTON MARBLE, three letters, 1860-1873. Marble papers, Library of Congress.

FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MAXSE, typed copies of letters, 1870-1896. Maxse papers, West Sussex RO

JOHN STUART MILL, 24 letters, 1858-1869. Northwestern UL, Evanston, Illinois.

JOHN STUART MILL, letter or letters, n. d. Mill papers, Yale UL

STUART RENDEL, 1st Baron Rendel, three letters, 1898-1903. NLW, Rendel papers.

HENRY RICHARD, five letters, 1881-1882. NLW, MS. 5505.

GEORGE CROOM ROBERTSON, 23 letters, 1867-1892. Robertson papers, UCL

HENRY SIDGWICK, three letters, 1891-1897. Sidgwick papers, Trinity College, Cambridge.

BEATRICE WEBB (and members of the Potter family), 39 letters, 1853-1903. Passfield papers, BLPES

Printed Material

DAVID DUNCAN, Life and Letters of Herbert Spencer ( London, 1908).

HERBERT SPENCER, Works, 19 vols. (London, 1861-1902).

HERBERT SPENCER, An Autobiography, 2 vols. ( London, 1904).

ODNB; New Palgrave; ESS XIV 295; IESS xv 121.

Portraits: BL(P); NPG; BLPES; SNPG